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Whole Grains Each Day Linked to Longer Life

Eating a diet rich in whole grains may reduce your risk of dying early, a new meta-analysis finds.

People who reported eating at least three servings of whole grains daily were 20 percent less likely to die early from any cause compared with people who reported eating less than one serving a day, the researchers found. The analysis included 14 previous studies; all of the studies were at least six years long, and many were more than 10 years long.

The researchers also looked at specific causes of death. They found that eating three servings of whole grains a day was associated with a 25 percent lower risk of death from heart disease, and a 14 percent lower risk of death from cancer, compared with eating one serving or less of whole grains daily.

[5 Surprising Ways to Be Heart Healthy]

The U.S. Dietary Guidelines recommend eating three or more servings of whole grains each day. However, Americans eat, on average, less than one serving a day, according to the study, published today (June 13) in the journal Circulation.

Indeed, “these findings lend further support to the U.S. government’s current Dietary Guidelines for Americans, which suggest high consumption of whole grains to facilitate disease prevention,” Dr. Qi Sun, an assistant professor of nutrition at the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston, and the senior author on the study, said in a statement.

The studies in the meta-analysis included a total of more than 786,000 people. There were nearly 98,000 deaths in all of the studies, including more than 23,000 from heart disease and more than 37,000 from cancer.

“Multiple individual studies consistently revealed a reduced risk of death among people who consumed more whole grains,” Sun told Live Science.

Moreover, each serving, or 0.5 ounces (16 grams), of whole grains a day was associated with a 7 percent reduction in a person’s risk of death from any cause, a 9 percent reduction in a person’s risk of death from heart disease and a 5 percent reduction in a person’s risk of death from cancer, the meta-analysis found.

The researchers noted that the types of whole grains people ate varied from study to study. However, in the U.S., more than 70 percent of whole grains that people eat come from breads and cereal grains, which include oatmeal, rice and barley, according to the study. [Extending Life: 7 Ways to Live Past 100]

This is not the first study to suggest whole grains have health benefits, nor is it the first meta-analysis to do so.

Two previous meta-analyses, for example, found that whole grains were associated with lower blood sugar levels, lower cholesterol levels andlower amounts of body fat, the researchers wrote.

A number of compounds found in whole grains could contribute to the foods’ effects on health, the researchers wrote. Fiber, for example, may lower cholesterol and help people feel fuller so they eat fewer calories. Magnesium may help improve insulin sensitivity and lower blood pressure. And other minerals and antioxidants may help fight oxidative stress, they said.

Based on the new findings, “health care providers should unanimously recommend whole grain consumption to the general population, as well as patients with certain diseases, to help achieve better health and perhaps reduce death,” Sun said.

In addition, whole grains should replace refined carbohydrates in a person’s diet, because these carbohydrates have been shown to have negative health effects, the researchers wrote.

source; http://www.livescience.com/55059-whole-grains-daily-linked-to-longer-life.html

Anderson offers treatment for stomach disorder linked to diabetes

Anderson Regional Medical Center is the only hospital in the region offering Medtronic Enterra® Therapy, the first and only FDA-approved* gastric electrical stimulation therapy indicated for use in the treatment of chronic nausea and vomiting associated with gastroparesis of diabetic or unknown origin.

Gastroparesis is a disorder in which food moves through the stomach more slowly than normal. The stomach muscles work poorly (or not at all), thus preventing the stomach from emptying properly. Symptoms of gastroparesis include nausea and vomiting, and may include abdominal bloating and pain, lack of appetite and excessive weight loss.

These symptoms prevent a person from eating normally and may lead to dehydration and malnutrition. Although there is no cure for gastroparesis, Enterra Therapy may improve symptoms when conventional drug therapies are not effective.

 “Medtronic Enterra Therapy has increasingly emerged as an important part of the treatment landscape for patients with gastroparesis,” said Dr. Dru Denison, General Surgeon at Medical Arts Surgical Group. Gastroparesis is difficult to manage, and given the enormity of the diabetes epidemic, it has become critical to have additional therapeutic options for the symptoms associated with this disorder.”

Medtronic Enterra Therapy involves surgeons implanting a pacemaker-like device (neurostimulator) under the skin, usually in the lower abdominal region, along with two insulated wires (leads), which are implanted in the stomach wall muscle and connect to the neurostimulator. The neurostimulator sends mild electrical pulses through the leads to stimulate the smooth muscles of the lower stomach, which may help control the chronic nausea and vomiting caused by gastroparesis.

John G. Anderson, President and CEO of Anderson Regional Health System, said, “Gastroparesis patients have had to travel to cities like Jackson or Birmingham for similar treatment that is now available close to home. We are grateful to Dr. Denison for bringing this treatment option to Meridian and helping to increase the quality of life for these patients.”

 Anderson Regional Health System is the most comprehensive health system in the East Mississippi/ West Alabama area and the established leader in offering premier medical services. With two hospitals, a regional cancer center, and a network of clinics, Anderson’s healthcare professionals are committed to the mission of providing a heritage of healing and improving life for the people they serve.

Source: meridianstar.com

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Why do women bear the brunt of infertility treatment ?

Reproduction isn’t just women’s work, says University of Cambridge sociologist Dr Liberty Barnes, so why are men made invisible?

Many men remain blissfully unaware of their infertility
Many men remain blissfully unaware of their infertility

It’s unbelievable how often women approach me with stories about enduring years of infertility – undergoing diagnostic procedures, taking medication, charting basal body temperature, checking cervical mucus, investing in digital fertility monitors, eating all-organic superfoods and petitioning the fertility gods – only to discover their inability to conceive was their partners’ poor sperm count.

We often think of reproduction as women’s work. And rightly so! As a mother of four, I can tell you it was not my husband who suffered the nausea and aches of pregnancy, the labour contractions, or the soreness of breastfeeding. Womendeserve serious credit for the back-breaking work of human reproduction.

Nonetheless, men still play a fairly crucial role in conception.

As I discovered during the research for my book, Conceiving Masculinity: Male Infertility, Medicine, and Identity, men are rendered invisible in our collective imagination when it comes to reproduction. When a woman can’t get pregnant, she assumes something is wrong with her. How could she not when so many books and websites about conceiving are geared toward women?

Dr LIberty Barnes

As other scholars have pointed out, when a woman gets pregnant, the man gets credit. When a woman can’t get pregnant, it’s her fault. We live in a culture dedicated to celebrating male virility and protecting masculinity.

Cultural assumptions about women’s reproductive responsibilities have shaped medical science and the medical system. Although male infertility is as common as female infertility, we live in a world where there are more practitioners and technologies focused on treating women than assessing and treating men.

According to the World Health Organization, the proper assessment and diagnosis of male fertility should include a semen analysis and a thorough physical examination. In the golden age of IVF, doctors can easily skip the physical exam. The purpose of IVF is not to discover and treat the specific cause of a couple’s infertility, but to circumvent it. In my research, this proved to be very frustrating for men who sought help to improve their fertility.

For cases of male infertility, embryologists may hand select a single sperm and shoot it into an egg, a procedure known as intracytoplasmic sperm injection or ICSI (pronounced “icksy”). Laboratories around the world are reporting using ICSI in 50-70% of IVF cycles. Recently, an embryologist from Cyprus told me he uses ICSI in 100% of the IVF treatments at his clinic.

In vitro fertilisation, Injection of a sperm in the ovum

The ethics and perceived complications of IVF-ICSI are debatable and a topic for another day. Relevant to this discussion is what these statistics suggest – that there are a lot of infertile men out there who may not even know they are infertile. There may be other treatment options available to improve these men’s fertility status, but they are never told about them.

Instead, women shoulder the brunt of treatments, believing they are responsible for couples’ childlessness. Compounding the physical demands of IVF, women alone often bear the stigma and guilt associated with infertility.

theguardian.com

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Foods to Eat With Gastroparesis

Gastroparesis

Gastroparesis also called delayed stomach emptying is a disorder in which the stomach takes too long to empty its contents. It occurs when the vagus nerve is damaged and the muscles of the stomach and intestines do not work properly. In such cases food moves slowly or stops moving through the digestive tract. Some of the symptoms of gastroparesis include heartburn, vomiting of undigested food (many hours after their last meal), nausea, abdominal bloating, early feeling of fullness when eating, weight loss, high blood glucose levels, gastroesophageal reflux and lack of appetite. Gastroparesis may be associated with paralysis of other parts of the gastrointestinal tract. Other terms used for this condition include gastric stasis, gastropathy, slow stomach, sluggish stomach. Below you will find some of the foods you can eat with gastroparesis. Always consult your health care provider first.

Causes of gastroparesis:

Some of the causes of gastroparesis include:

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Viral infections
  • Surgery on the stomach or vagus nerve
  • Anorexia nervosa
  • Medications such as anticholinergics and narcotics. These drugs that slow contractions in the intestine.
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Nervous system diseases such as abdominal migraine and Parkinson’s disease
  • Hypothyroidism

List of foods you can eat with gastroparesis:

1. Vegetables: Some of the vegetables you can eat with gastroparesis include carrots, mushrooms, acorn squash, potatoes (no skin), spinach, beets, tomatoes (no skin), tomato puree, summer squash, strained tomato sauce. Always remove the skin and cook the vegetables well.

2. Fruits and juices: Apple juice, cranberry juice, pineapple juice, grape juice, prune juice, strained baby fruits, canned fruits without skins such as applesauce, peaches and pears is safe for gastroparesis. Avoid raw, fresh skin on produce such as berries, oranges, plums and skin on apples.

Foods to eat with gastroparesis - Ginger tea

3. Ginger: Ginger aids digestion and relieves nausea and vomiting. You can try drinking a cup of ginger tea about 30 minutes before meals to stimulate gastric juices or after meals to aid digestion. You can use ginger in soups, entrees, baking and marinades. Also you can make ginger syrup at home. It is a mixture of ginger extract and honey or hot water. Ginger is a great home remedy for gastroparesis and has a unique power of healing due to the high contents of volatile oils.

4. Grains: Another good food to eat with gastroparesis is low fiber foods. Low fiber foods and grains is best for gastroparesis. Some of the low fiber grains including white bread, white rice, pasta such as couscous, plain grits, plain oats, plain bagels, white grain waffles, plain roll, breadsicks, toast, cream of rice and cream of wheat.

5. Proteins: Red meat is hard to digest for people with gastroparesis. Instead, you can focus on lean meats such as skinless chicken and turkey, non breaded fish like scallops, tuna, oysters, eggs whites, tofu and dairy products. These are rich in protein that digest well with gastroparesis. Consume hot cereals with skim milk, soy or rice milk and liquid nutritional supplements.

Some of the fat free protein sources include egg beaters, egg whites, powdered egg whites, fat free milk, non fat dry milk powder, non fat cottage cheese, non fat yogurt, non fat cottage cheese, evaporated skim milk, fat free luncheon meat, high protein egg whites and high protein broth.

Eggs
Eggs

6. Soups: You can make soups with fat freebroth, skim milk, fat free bouillon containing pasta or nooddles. Also you can add ground chicken meat, ground turkey meat, tomato puree and finely chopped and cooked vegetables such as carrots, mushrooms acorn squash.

7.Desserts: Custards and puddings made with skim milk, sherbet, low fat yogurt, vanilla wafers, marshmallows, popsicles, caramels and jelly. you can make shakes with liquid nutritional supplements such as nutra shake, ensure, boost, honey, non fat ice cream (no nuts), syrups, banana and vanilla carnation instant breakfast.

8. Others: Peanut butter 2 tbsp per day, ginger snaps, graham crackers, gatorade, ginger ale, crackers, saltines and pretzels.

It is best to avoid dried fruits, oranges, broccoli, berries, caffeine, popcorn, nuts, seeds and oatmeal. These foods are high in fiber and difficult to digest.

Basic dietary guidelines for gastroparesis:

1.Eat 6 small meals instead of 3 big meals. It helps your stomach from getting full and reduce gastric pressure.

2. Avoid high fiber foods because the indigestible portion remain in the stomach for much longer periods and possibly form bezoars or hard calcifications of food that causes severe vomiting and nausea.Foods associated with bezoar formation include berries, apples, brussel sprouts, oranges, coconuts, corn, figs, green beans, legumes, potato peels, sauerkraut and tomato skins.

3. Limit caffeine and alcohol as they trigger symptoms of gastroparesis.

4. Drink plenty of water throughout the day.

Gastroparesis:

Source:hubpages
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What Causes Digestion to Stop With Food Left in the Stomach?

What Causes Digestion to Stop With Food Left in the Stomach? The process of digestion is carried out through a number of organs in your digestive tract. The first stop is your stomach, which normally propels food into the small intestine to be digested. Sometimes your digestion will slow drastically or stop with food still left, undigested, in your stomach. This medical condition is called gastroparesis, also known as delayed gastric emptying. Symptoms of gastroparesis include nausea and vomiting, feeling full after eating a small portion of food, acid reflux, stomach pain and unintended weight loss. The causes of this stoppage of digestion are many.

Nerve and Muscle Damage

When food enters your stomach, the vagus nerve tells the stomach muscles to contract so the food can continue its journey through the digestive system. The vagus nerve is the nerve that controls the muscles in your stomach. Due to injury, congenital conditions, a nervous system disorder such as Parkinson’s disease, surgery or a variety of other conditions, your stomach muscles or vagus nerve can become damaged. Nerve and muscle damage in the digestive tract can mean your organs are not able to fulfill their jobs, and digestion may stop or slow down before food has left the stomach. Your doctor may prescribe a number of different medications to stimulate your stomach muscles to contract, to aid digestion.

Medication Use

Medications that you may be taking to treat unrelated medical conditions can lead to gastroparesis. Antidepressants, lithium, narcotic pain medications, the hormone progesterone and nicotine are a few examples of drugs and chemicals that may interfere with gastric emptying. Be sure your medical care provider has a complete list of medications and supplements you take, especially if you suffer from digestive complaints.

Endocrine Disorders

The science of endocrinology relates to the endocrine system and the hormones your body secretes and stores. Endocrine disorders, including diabetes and hypothyroidism, can also contribute to gastroparesis. You are more likely to suffer from digestion problems of this nature if your blood sugar levels are not well controlled; high blood glucose levels can impair the functioning of the vagus nerve, which leads to missed signaling between the nerve and the stomach muscles. Low levels of thyroid hormones may also interfere with the normal digestive process.

Other Health Conditions

A variety of other health conditions can cause your digestion to stop while food remains undigested. Viral illness and gastroesophageal reflux disease — GERD — are two conditions that can cause symptoms of gastroparesis. Suffering from an eating disorder, such as anorexia nervosa or bulimia, can also throw off your digestion. Treatment for eating disorders usually reverses delayed gastric emptying over time.

SOURCE: livestrong.com