10 causes of burning mouth syndrome you need to know about


If you’re suffering from a burning sensation in your mouth that doesn’t go away, here’s what you need to know.

When you suffer from a burning mouth and tongue, you start dreading your meal times because of how painful it is to put food in your mouth. If the symptom persists, you also experience loss of taste. Burning mouth syndrome affects the tip of the tongue most commonly followed by lips, the border of the tongue and also the patient’s palate, in almost half of the cases.

The onset of pain in your mouth can be either gradual and spontaneous or sudden. Doctors have learned that a dull burning sensation in the mouth can begin after the patient wakes up and intensifies by late evening. These are the causes of burning sensation in the throat.

Burning mouth syndrome is classified into three types ranging from type one to type three. The most common one is type two. Patients complain of constant pain throughout the day and also suffer from anxiety [1]. However, type one is unrelated to any psychiatric condition, and the severity of pain increases later during the day. In type three, a patient with burning mouth syndrome will experience pain at irregular intervals.

In many cases, burning mouth syndrome is caused due to an underlying disease and doctors have found these are the most common causes of this painful condition.

1. Menopause

Many studies suggest that majority of patients with the burning mouth syndrome are middle-aged women and that they suffer from the condition either three years before experiencing menopause or a few years following menopause [1]. It is very rare for women who are below the age of 30 to suffer from a burning mouth and tongue.

2. Depression and anxiety

Psychological problems like depression, anxiety and stress have also been linked to burning mouth syndrome. In cases where your physician can diagnose a mental illness, you will be prescribed antidepressants like Serotonin-specific reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) [1].

3. Oral lichen planus

This is a chronic inflammation of the mouth that is caused when one’s immune system attacks the mouth’s mucous membrane cells. This causes open sores, swelling and white or red patches inside the mouth. You could try these home remedies for oral lichen planus.

4. Candidiasis (Thrush)

This is a fungal infection that accumulates in the mouth and causes white patches on the tongue and throat. Other than this, it also causes swelling and pain.

5. Endocrine disorders

Endocrine diseases like diabetes and hypothyroidism are also known to cause symptoms like burning mouth [1].

6. Dry mouth (Xerostomia)

Dry mouth or xerostomia is not classified as a condition but more as a symptom caused by certain medications and even diseases like HIV, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, diabetes, anemia, hypertension and rheumatoid arthritis. A patient with dry mouth is unable to produce enough saliva.

7. Vitamin deficiencies

Vitamin B deficiency including folate, thiamin, vitamin B12 deficiency can also be directly responsible for burning mouth syndrome. Other nutritional deficiencies like iron and zinc could also make you more prone to burning mouth [1]. Here are the symptoms of vitamin B complex deficiency.

8. Dentures

Even wearing dentures can cause acute pain and discomfort in the mouth especially if the dentures don’t fit properly. This can irritate or place too much pressure on your sensitive mouth tissues.

9. Certain medications

High blood pressure medicines are known to cause side effects like pain and burning sensation in the mouth. If you started experiencing this symptom after these medicines were prescribed to you, contact your doctor.

10. Wrong oral habits

While poor oral habits can make you vulnerable to thrush and other dental diseases, even over brushing your teeth or overusing mouthwash can lead to burning mouth syndrome



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